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Скачать Handbook for Bloggers and Cyber-Dissidents by Sylvie Devilette бесплатно

Handbook for Bloggers and Cyber-Dissidents by Sylvie Devilette

Handbook for Bloggers and Cyber-Dissidents by Sylvie Devilette
Reporters Without Borders (2006) | ISBN: 2915536368 | 90 pages | PDF | 1,6 Mb

Reporters Without Borders has produced this handbook to help those who are either excited or worried or disturstful of blogs. It provides handy tips and technical advise.

Blogs get people excited. Or else they disturb and worry them. Some people distrust them. Others see them as the vanguard of a new information revolution. One things for sure: theyre rocking the foundations of the media in countries as different as the United States, China and Iran. Its too soon to really know what to think of blogs. Weve been reading newspapers, watching TV and listening to the radio for decades now and weve learned how to immediately tell whats news and whats comment, to distinguish a tabloid human interest'e2'80'9d magazine from a serious one and an entertainment programme from a documentary. We dont have such antennae to figure out blogs. These online diaries'e2'80'9d are even more varied than the mainstream media and its hard to know which of them is a news site, which a personal forum or one that does serious investigation or one thats presenting junk evidence. Its difficult to separate the wheat from the chaff. Some bloggers will gradually develop their own ethical standards, to become more credible and win public confidence. But the Internet is still full of unreliable information and people exchanging insults. A blog gives everyone, regardless of education or technical skill, the chance to publish material. This means boring or disgusting blogs will spring up as fast as good and interesting ones.
But blogging is a powerful tool of freedom of expression that has enthused millions of ordinary people. Passive consumers of information have become energetic participants in a new kind of journalism what US blog pioneer Dan Gillmor calls grassroots journalism 'e2'80f2'a6 by the people, for the people'e2'80'9d (see chapter on What ethics should bloggers have?'e2'80'9d). Bloggers are often the only real journalists in countries where the mainstream media is censored or under pressure. Only they provide independent news, at the risk of displeasing the government and sometimes courting arrest. Plenty of bloggers have been hounded or thrown in prison. One of the contributors to this handbook, Arash Sigarchi, was sentenced to 14 years in jail for posting several messages online that criticised the Iranian regime. His story illustrates how some bloggers see what they do as a duty and a necessity, not just a hobby. They feel they are the eyes and ears of thousands of other Internet users.

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