1 июля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: English литература » Словари и энциклопедии на английском языке | Комментариев: 0
"Drilling Engineering". Petroleum Engineering Handbook Vol. 2
Society of Petroleum Engineers
Society of Petroleum Engineers | 2007 | ISBN: 1555631142 | 770 pages | PDF | 44 Mb
This volume is the first drilling content to be included in the Petroleum Engineering Handbook; chapters clarify the state of the drilling art at the beginning of the 21st century.
The very first Drilling Engineering volume of the SPE Petroleum Engineering Handbook. This volume is intended to provide a good snapshot of the drilling state of the art at the beginning of the 21st century.
Obviously, the history of well drilling goes back for millennia. The history of “scientific” oilwell drilling had its beginnings at the end of Word War II. Perhaps one indication was that while Petroleum was first established as a Division of the American Inst. of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) in 1922, it was not established as a Branch until 1948. The first SPE reprinted volume of the Petroleum Branch was the 1953 Transactions of the AIME, Petroleum Development and Technology (Vol. 198). This volume had a total of seven papers related to drilling and completion topics, a relatively small proportion of the total of 344 pages.
The first wave of scientific drilling was an era of slide rules and hand calculations. Several references give an idea of the technology level of this era; Developments in Petroleum Engineering by Arthur Lubinski (1987) provides a good overview of the mechanical engineering aspects of drilling, while W.F. Rogers’ Composition and Properties of Oil Well Drilling Fluids (first edition) gives a picture of wellbore hydraulics in 1948. The technology of this era consisted of relatively simple but effective models of very complex phenomena. Former SPE President Claude Hocott once said that any calculation that could not be summarized on a note card would not be useful, and for that era, he was correct. Today, it is difficult to appreciate the tedium of evaluating these simple formulas with a slide rule.
The next wave of scientific drilling introduced a new computational tool—the electronic computer—beginning in the 1970s.
Young engineers, who had used primitive computers as part of their university education, were now ready to break Hocott’s onecard rule and delve into the complexity of the phenomena of drilling. As an example of the explosion of knowledge, consider the 1980 Transactions of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (Vol. 269) (note the name change!). The size of the volume nearly doubled to 629 pages, and the number of drilling- and completion-related papers increased 10-fold. To get a feel for the technology level of this era, the textbook Applied Drilling Engineering by A.T. Bourgoyne et al. gives a good overview of the state of the art in 1984.
We are now beginning a third wave of scientific drilling. The days of novel computer application are reaching their twilight years, and a period of evaluation and consolidation is beginning. Computer science and numerical analysis are at a much higher level of accuracy and sophistication today than they were in the 1970s, and many of the technology developments of that era could be re-examined in light of modern techniques. Further, we all recognize that the computer can do far more than just execute numerical calculations.
Topics included are:
* Drilling Geoscience
* Drilling Fluids
* Drilling Fluid Mechanics
* Well Control
* Bit Selection
* Directional Drilling
* Casing Design
* Wellhead Design
* Drilling Problems
* Well Planning
* Underbalanced Drilling
* Emerging Technologies
* Marine Drilling
* Data Acquisition and Interpretation
* Coiled Tubing
vol.1 "General Engineering" :
vol.6 "Emerging and Peripheral Technologies" :