23 сентября 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: English литература » Словари и энциклопедии на английском языке | Комментариев: 0
World Drug Report 2009
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNODC | 2009 | ISBN: 9211482409 | 314 pages | PDF | 8 Mb
The World Drug Report aims to enhance Member States’ understanding of global illicit drug trends, and to sensitize all Governments about theneed for more systematic collection and reporting of data related to illicit drugs.
This year, out of some 200 distributed questionnaires, UNODC received 118 replies to the drug abuse section and 116 replies to the illicit supply of drugs section. In general, the ability of Member States to provide information on illicit drug supply is significantly better than their ability to provide demand-related data. Despite commendable progress, for example in the area of prevalence estimates, far more remains to be done to provide a solid, reliable basis for trend and policy analysis.
Drug control has been on the global agenda for more than a century. As documented in the 2008 World Drug Report, the Chinese opium epidemic in the early twentieth century spurred concerted international action, chiefly in the form of a series of treaties passed over several decades. These treaties, in particular the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and the 1988 Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, continue to define the international drug control system. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is the guardian of these treaties and the United Nations lead agency on drug control.