22 апреля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: Скачать журналы бесплатно » Журналы по бизнесу, политике и экономике | Комментариев: 0
The Economist (February 21st - February 27th 2009)
140 Pages | English | PDF 2,5 MB | Audio 155 MB | MP3
The collapse of manufacturing
The financial crisis has created an industrial crisis. What should governments do about it?:
$0.00, not counting fuel and handling: that is the cheapest quote right now if you want to ship a container from southern China to Europe. Back in the summer of 2007 the shipper would have charged $1,400. Half-empty freighters are just one sign of a worldwide collapse in manufacturing. In Germany December’s machine-tool orders were 40% lower than a year earlier. Half of China’s 9,000 or so toy exporters have gone bust. Taiwan’s shipments of notebook computers fell by a third in the month of January. The number of cars being assembled in America was 60% below January 2008.
The destructive global power of the financial crisis became clear last year. The immensity of the manufacturing crisis is still sinking in, largely because it is seen in national terms—indeed, often nationalistic ones. In fact manufacturing is also caught up in a global whirlwind.