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25 апреля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: Научная литература » Экономика | Комментариев: 0

Globalisation and Regional Economies: Can Oecd Regions Compete in Global Industries? (Oecd Reviews of Regional Innovation) (Oecd Reviews of Regional Innovation)
Publisher: OECD Publishing | ISBN: 9264037799 | edition 2007 | PDF | 244 pages | 2,54 mb

Despite concern about the negative impacts of globalisation on the economies of OECD regions, notably the loss of manufacturing jobs and enterprise relocation, this report presents evidence that region-specific advantages embedded in specialised firms, skilled labour and innovation capacity remain a significant source of productivity gain for firms, even for the largest multinational enterprises. A new geography of production is emerging, based around both old and new regional hubs in OECD and non-OECD countries. National and regional governments in OECD countries are looking for ways to ensure that regions maintain a competitive edge in industries that generate wealth and jobs. This report looks at how different regions are responding to these challenges and the strategies they have adopted to support existing competitive advantages and to transform their assets to develop new competitive strengths. Table of Content : Executive Summary Introductory Note: Case Study Selection PART I. FINAL REPORT Chapter 1. The Reshaping of Regional Economies -Introduction and key points -The decline in manufacturing -Specialisation and clustering -Annex 1.A1. Comparison of Rates of Manufacturing Employment in Regions, by Country Chapter 2. Globalisation and the Spatial Reorganisation of Production -Introduction and key points -Globalisation drivers and their spatial impacts -The globalisation of firms and implications for regions -Reshaping the geography of production: outsourcing and offshoring -Future globalisation trends Chapter 3. How Regions Compete: Building on Strengths and Identifying Opportunities -Introduction and key points -Strategies to support firms -Improving the regional environment Chapter 4. Clear Strategy, Good Governance -Introduction and key points -What is the region? -Nature of regional strategies -Bibliography PART II. SUMMARIES OF REGION-SECTOR CASE STUDIES Chapter 5. Regional Case Studies in the Automotive Sector -Global outlook -V¤stra G¶taland Region, Sweden -Turin, Italy -Detroit/south-east Michigan, USA -Shanghai, China -Bibliography Chapter 6. Regional Case Studies in the Biopharmaceuticals Sector -Global outlook -Stockholm, Sweden -North-western Switzerland -Shanghai, China -Montreal, Canada -Bibliography Chapter 7. Regional Case Studies in the ICT Sector -Global outlook -Eindhoven, the Netherlands -Ottawa, Canada -Recife, Brazil -Stockholm/Kista, Sweden -Bibliography

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