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25 апреля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: Научная литература » Экономика | Комментариев: 0

Coping with Uncertainty: Modeling and Policy Issues (Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems) by Kurt Marti (Editor), Yuri Ermoliev (Editor), Marek Makowski (Editor), Georg Pflug (Editor)
Publisher: Springer; 1 edition (November 13, 2006) | ISBN-10: 3540352589 | PDF | 4,1 Mb | 330 pages

Ongoing global changes bring fundamentally new scientific problems requiring new concepts and tools. A key issue concerns a vast variety of practically irreducible uncertainties, which challenge our traditional models and require new concepts and analytical tools. The uncertainty critically dominates, e.g., the climate change debates. In short, the dilemma is concerned with enormous costs vs. massive uncertainties of potential extreme impacts. Traditional scientific approaches usually rely on real observations and experiments. Yet no sufficient observations exist for new problems, and "pure" experiments and learning by doing may be very expensive, dangerous, or simply impossible. In addition, available historical observations are contaminated by actions, policies. The complexity of new problems does not allow to achieve enough certainty by increasing the resolution of models or by bringing in more links.

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