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25 апреля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: Научная литература » Социология | Комментариев: 0

Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity: A Constructivist Approach by Yucel Bozdaglioglu
Routledge | July 2003 | ISBN: 041594600X | 232 pages | PDF | 5.15 MB

By using the core insights of the constructivist approach in International Relations, this book analyzes the foreign policy behavior of Turkey. It argues that throughout its modern history, Turkey's foreign policy has been affected by its Western identity created in the years following the War of Independence.

It underlines the inadequacy of structural constructivism and offers an interactive model, which takes domestic and systemic factors into account. It also offers a critique of the rational-choice literature on Turkish foreign policy and argues that Turkish foreign policy has been, and still is, guided by identity considerations, which are analyzed in terms of three competing conceptions: Western, Islamic and Nationalist. Even though there is a massive amount of research on Turkish foreign policy, only has a small portion of it dealt with the effects of the Turkish identity on foreign policy. Furthermore, those who studied Turkish foreign policy from the perspective of identity, dissusses the book, lacked a solid theoretical foundation and analytical framework, which significantly weakened their argument.



CHAPTER 1 Introduction 3
A. Review of Chapters 9

CHAPTER 2 Literature Review 13
A. Neorealism and the Rational Choice: Explanations of International Relations 13
B. Constructivism and the Critique of Neorealism 14
C. Implications of Identity 22
D. Roots of State Identity 24

CHAPTER 3 Modernization and the Construction of Turkey’s Official Identity 35
A. The Impact of the West and the First Ottoman Reforms 36
B. Reforms and the Organized Opposition 40
a. The Young Ottomans 40
b. The Emergence of Islamism 41
C. Young Turk Revolution and the Constitutional Era (1908–1923) 42
D. Ataturk and the Institutionalization of Turkey’s Western Identity 46
E. Implications and Conclusion 51

CHAPTER 4 Turkey and the West 57
A. Turkey and Post-World War II Security Arrangements: The NATO Context 59
B. Turkey and the European Union (EU) 68
C. Turkey and the West in the 1990s 79
D. Implications and Conclusion 85

CHAPTER 5 Identity Crisis and Turkey’s Search for Alternatives 87
A. Culture and Identity in Turkish-European Relations 92
B. Nationalism and Turkey’s Relations with Central Asia 96
C. Implications and Conclusion 106

CHAPTER 6 Turkey and the Muslim Middle East 111
A. Turks and Arabs in Historical Perspective: The Development of Misperceptions and Images 112
B. Turkey and the Middle East in the Cold War Period 115
C. Turkey’s Relations with the Middle East in the 1990s 130
a. Political Islam, the Welfare Party and Turkish Foreign Policy 130
b. The Turkish Military: Guardians of Kemalism 136
D. Implications and Conclusion 139

CHAPTER 7 Turkey and Israel: The “Outsiders” in the Middle East 141
A. Turks and Jews in Historical Perspective 142
B. Identity and Self-Interest in Turkish-Israeli Cooperation in the 1990s 147
C. Implications and Conclusion 156

CHAPTER 8 Conclusion 159


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