America's Role in Nation-Building From Germany to Iraq By James Dobbins
Publisher: RAND Corporation 2005 | 290 Pages | ISBN: 083303460X | PDF | 1.1 MB
America's Role in Nation-Building is a nearly 50-year review of U.S. efforts to transform defeated and broken enemies into democratic and prosperous allies. The authors identify key determinants of success in terms of democratization and the creation of vibrant economies. Seven case studies are examined: Germany, Japan, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan. Presents lessons learned from each of these operations and draws implications for future U.S. nation-building operations, including Iraq. The authors conclude that rebuilding Iraq will be difficult but possible, and use historical perspective to illuminate today's headlines.
The post-World War II occupations of Germany and Japan set standards for postconflict nation-building that have not since been matched. Only in recent years has the United States has felt the need to participate in similar transformations, but it is now facing one of the most challenging prospects since the 1940s: Iraq. The authors review seven case studies — Germany, Japan, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan — and seek lessons about what worked well and what did not. Then, they examine the Iraq situation in light of these lessons. Success in Iraq will require an extensive commitment of financial, military, and political resources for a long time. The United States cannot afford to contemplate early exit strategies and cannot afford to leave the job half completed.
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