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25 апреля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: Научная литература » Социология | Комментариев: 0
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Azari - A. Kasravi
PDF | Persian | 56 Pages | 1925 | 1 MB



The book is from:www.farhangiran.com
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Ahmad Kasravi



Ahmad Kasravi
Birth name Ahmad Kasrav-ye Tabrz
Born 29 September 1890(1890-09-29)
Tabriz, Iran
Died March 11, 1946 (aged 55)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Field Ancient Languages, history, Politics, religion, and Philosophy.
Works The Constitutional History of Iran; The 18 Year History of Azarbaijan; The Forgotten Kings (all in Persian)

Ahmad Kasravi (29 September 1890 - March 11, 1946) (Persian: ), was a notable Iranian linguist, historian, and reformer.
Born in Hokmabad (Hohmavar), Tabriz, Iran, Kasravi was an Iranian Azari.[1] Initially, Kasravi enrolled in a seminary. Later, he joined the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. He experienced a sort of conversion to Western learning when he learned that the comet of 1910 had been identified as a reappearance of Halley's comet. He abandoned his clerical training after this event and enrolled in the American Memorial School of Tabriz. Thenceforward he became, in Roy Mottahedeh's words, "a true anti-cleric."

It was in Tbilisi where he first became acquainted with a wide spectrum of political ideas and movements, and he soon was employed by the government of Iran in various cultural posts.

A prolific writer, Kasravi was very critical of both the Shi'a clergy and of the policies of the central government. He had liberal views on religion, was a strong supporter of democracy, and expressed them in satirical pamphlets like What Is the Religion of the Hajis with Warehouses? that infuriated many readers. His views earned him many powerful enemies such as Ayatollah Khomeini.

His detailed account of the Constitutional Revolution still stands out as one of the most important sources on the events, even though Kasravi was a teenager at the time of the revolution and cannot claim the full authority of a contemporary witness that his writing at times suggests.

Kasravi is known for his solid research work on the ancient Azari language and origin of the Azerbaijani people. He showed that the ancient Azari language was an offshoot of Pahlavi language. Due to this discovery, he was granted the membership of London Royal Asiatic Society and American Academy [2].

Arguing that ancient Azari language had been closely related to Persian language and the influx of Turkic words began only with the Seljuq invasion, Ahmad Kasravi believed that true national language of Iranian Azerbaijan was Persian and therefore advocated the linguistic assimilation of Persian in Azarbaijan.[3]

In 1927-8 Ahmad Kasravi led the way in establishing the ancestry of the Safavids dynasty with the publication of three influential articles and disputed the validity of the `official' Safavid family tree contained in the Safvat al-Safa, and argued convincingly that the ancestors of Shaykh Safi al-Din, who founded the Safavid Order (tariqa), were indigenous inhabitants of Iran and were of pure Aryan stock. Today, the consensus among Safavid historians is that the Safavid family hailed from Persian Kurdistan.[1]

On March 11, 1946, while being tried on charges of "slander against Islam," Kasravi and one of his assistants were knifed and killed in open court in Tehran by followers of Navvab Safavi, a Shi'a extremist cleric who had founded a terrorist organization called the Fadayan-e Islam (literally Devotees of Islam). The same group had failed in assassinating Kasravi earlier in April 1945 in Tehran. Ayatollah Borujerdi and Ayatollah Sadr[who?] issued fatwas for killing Ahmad Kasravi.[4]

Some of his more famous books are:
* The 18 Year History of Azarbaijan (Persian: )
* The Constitutional History of Iran (Persian: )
* The Forgotten Kings (Persian: )
* The 500 Year History of Khuzestan (Persian: )
* A Brief History of The Lion and Sun (Persian: )
* Sheikh Safi and His Progeny (Persian: )
* Azari or the Ancient Language of Azerbaijan (Persian: )
* varjavand bonyad (Persian: )
* Shi'aism (Persian: )
* Bahaism (Persian: )
* Sufism (Persian: )
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