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Скачать Biologic: Designing With Nature to Protect the Environment: David Wann бесплатно

12 июля 2009 | Автор: Admin | Рубрика: Научная литература » Социология | Комментариев: 0

Biologic: Designing With Nature to Protect the Environment: David Wann
Johnson Books | ISBN: 155566122X | 1994-02 | djvu (ocr) | 288 pages | 1.54 Mb

Since "Biologic" first appeared, it has received widespread praise from architects, planners, and environmental consultants, as well as concerned citizens for its balanced, well-reasoned approach to raising our collective environmental consciousness. Its premise is that we must all consider the environmental consequences of our individual and community actions in everything from the simple tasks of our daily lives to the construction techniques of major developments. In addition to thinking logically, we must learn to think biologically.

Review: A balanced, well-reasoned approach to environmental education
My first lessons on the environmental consequences of our individual & community actions came from reading R Buckiminster Fuller's Critical Path & attending one of his workshops in USA in the early 90s. Bucky, as he was often known, was acknowledged as Planet Earth's Friendliest Genius. I was quite intrigued by his work & creations.
Among the first few books on environmental education, I somehow got hold of Biologic, the contents of which have been most fascinating for me. Although somewhat technical, I found the writing of the book to be quite light-hearted in some way.
The book is structured in five thematic chapters as follows:
Chapter 1: Biologic
Chapter 2: Knowing - environmental awareness;
Chapter 3: Choosing - individual action;
Chapter 4: Designing - societal & technical experimentation;
Chapter 5: Implementing
In a nutshell, this book is about a new way of thinking.
To use the author's own words: "Using biologic, we must rethink everything from energy use to the way we advertise our products. As the paradigm of our culture, we must replace the unwavering arrow of "forward progress' [an illusion] with the continous loop of recycling (the way nature actually works). To do this, we must make use of every available tool - from free market mechanisms to government intervention. Only by making an unstinting effort at every level of society can we make the change that will allow us to prosper & not just survive."
The author introduces ten Biologic principles, which I would like to recap as follows:
1. Understanding basic physical concepts like gravity, nutrient cycles, & the flow of sun, wind & water - so decisions can be based on what's really here rather than what can be done with the "mirrors" of once-only energy;
2. Using resources on a sustainable basis, taking only the "interest" out of our ecological savings account rather than dipping into the principal;
3. Using the right tool for the right job. We need a diverse toolkit of solutions, & in many cases we'll have to use more than a single tool;
4. Carefully monitoring & streamlining what goes in so that junk will not come out along with the intended product;
5. Developing the habit of tracing the origins & future route of each physical interaction so that something enjoyed in the present doesn't leave a hole in the future, & nothing discharged or thrown away here become a compound problem there;
6. Acknowledging the uniqueness of each location & its suitability for certain uses only;
7. Using the simplest process or product to get the job done so the environment benefits as well as the manufacturer;
8. Using software (information) rather than hardware whenever possible to reduce inevitable collisions between imprecise human design & "custom-fit" natural design;
9. Using design solutions that accomplish three or four things at once;
10. Accounting for costs with the full lifetime of the product in mind;
I must admit some ideas in the book are not new, but the author has very intelligently pulls them together into a useful application framework. Although I have found a few ideas to be quite theoretical, many are still pragmatic.
Personally, I may not be able to apply most of the ideas in the book, but as an individual, I am now certainly more aware & conscious of my accountability as a citizen on Planet Earth.
As a whole, this book provides a balanced, well-reasoned approach to environmental education.

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