Название: Luftwaffe Colour Schemes & Markings 1939-45 - Mainly Winter Schemes
Автор: Illustrated & compiled by Richard Ward
Издательство: Osprey Publishing Ltd.
Серия: Aircam Aviation Series 19(v.3)
Размер: 21.4 MB
The Luftwaffe went to war in 1939 in two basic camouflage schemes, the splinter scheme comprising black green (swarzgrun) and dark green (dunkelgrun) on the upper surfaces or upper surfaces in black green only, both with pale blue-grey (hellblau.) under surfaces. The former scheme was the more common in late 1939 early 1940, the latter scheme coming into more general use as the war progressed, though never so common as the former. The first major change in the basic camouflage came towards the end of 1940 and was brought about through the crippling losses inflicted on Luftwaffe bomber formations by RAF fighters during their daylight attacks throughout the Battle of Britain period. With the eventual defeat of the Luftwaffe by day the bomber force was switched to night operations. With the change to night attack the pale blue-grey under surfaces were hastily covered with a coat of matt black and so far as the He 111 was concerned most of the aft fuselage between the trailing edge of the wings to the tail-plane to a line above the fuselage cross was also blacked in, as may be seen in colour side-views El and E2. The vertical tail surfaces were in many cases also given a coat of black often covering the swastika also. Upper surfaces were treated with a black squiggle pattern as were fuselage sides left in the basic scheme; national insignia on both upper and under surfaces were often either blacked out or roughly daubed over or the white angles painted in leaving just a thin white outline as illustrated in El, 2 and 3 and onthe cover background. The fuselage cross received the same treatment and in the majority of cases the code was reduced to the aircraft letter only, white and yellow letters often being blacked in leaving only a thin outline of the original colour.
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