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Textual Structure and Discourse Prominence in Yapese Narrative
Author: Keira Gebbie Ballantyne
Publisher: University of Hawai'i
Publication date: 2005
Number of pages: 310

Format / Quality: PDF - Excellent
Size: 1.23 Mb
The work takes the form of a case study, examining a corpus of narrative and nonnarrative text in Yapese, a language of Micronesia.

It is found that a foregrounding distinction conditions the split between independent pronoun TMA markers and clitic pronoun TMA markers. Highly foregrounded clauses in Yapese narrative may be zeromarked, they may take the inceptive nga, or they may be in the perfect non-present ka qu.

Nga invokes a semantics of goal-satisfaction or effect, event types which have been shown to enhance the processing of connected clauses in laboratory studies.

Ka qu is an instance of frame-breaking pragmatic reversal. The Yapese system of reference is analyzed with respect to cognitive status. Particular attention is paid to the pronoun, determiner, and deictic systems.

Yapese has a definite and two indefinite articles, and contrasts speaker proximal, hearer proximal, and distal

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